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News > Scientific and Technological Achievents of Iran


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Scientific and Technological Achievents of Iran

Scientific and Technological Achievents of Iran

 

 

 

 

 

Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran

(Jan. - Feb. 2016)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This issue contains:

  • Research on Nanostructures with Ability to Perform at Terahertz Speed Range
  • Iran among 10 top serum, vaccine producers in world
  • Designing heart batches for recovering muscles in people with myocardial infarction
  • New method to detect tumor cells in bloodstream
  • RIPI develops Iran's 1st smart sensor controller
  • Sic nanoparticles applied to modify properties of Portland cement
  • Iran breaks US monopoly in deepwell cement plug production
  • Photochromic Nanostructures; Tools to Detect, Tract Living Cells
  • Iran Unveils First Home-Made Amphibious Aircraft
  • Antibacterial Nanocomposites Designed in Iran for Foodstuff Packaging
  • Nanostructures Boost Efficiency of LEDs
  • Nanostructured Coatings Produced in Iran to Protect Aircraft Bodies
  • Nano-scaffolds made for converting stem cells into cells
  • Nanostructured Changes in Solar Cells to Increase Their Efficiency  
  • Chemists use biocompatible method to synthesize titania
  • Iran joins other countries in establishing 'brain bank'
  • Invention of circular magnet to clear streets of metal debris
  • Iran, Malaysia produce antibacterial coatings for isolated areas
  • Nanodrug helps treat breast cancer
  • Nanoparticles Make Fertility Possible during Consumption of Anticancer Drugs
  • Production of High Efficient Photocatalyst in Purification of Industrial Wastewater  
  • Making biological wound dressing from crustaceans shell
  • Properties of Polymeric Nanofibers Optimized to Treat Damaged Body Tissues
  • Replacement of Toxic Antibacterial by Biocompatible Polymeric Nanocomposites
  • Improvement of Anticorrosive Properties of Coatings Used in Oil Transfer Pipelines

 

Research on Nanostructures with Ability to Perform at Terahertz Speed Range

Iranian researchers from Arak University studied and simulated optical behavior of nanostructures that are able to perform well at speed ranges higher than megahertz.
The specific application of the studied nanostructures is in electronics, communications and even, medical industries after the completion of studies and industrial production. Various results of the research have been published in different journals such as Optik – International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, vol. 26, issue 19, 2015, pp. 2035-2039. [1]

Iran among 10 top serum, vaccine producers in world

In a remarks at a ceremony marking the 90th founding anniversary of Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute of Islamic Republic of Iran announced that Iran is among the top ten serum and vaccine producers in the world as it has gained success in various fields such as uprooting polio and producing over 70 types of vaccines for human, livestock, poultry and aquatic biological products. [2]

Designing heart batches for recovering muscles in people with myocardial infarction

Scientists of Iran at Tehran medical Sciences University have developed heart batches similar to heart tissues for recovery of damaged tissues of heart for people with myocardial infarction. The results of the study could be a door to treating cardiologic diseases through using conductor polymers in scaffolding and heart-tissue engineering in the future. [3]

New method to detect tumor cells in bloodstream

Researchers from Nano Oriented Bio-Electronic Lab at Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Tehran, have developed a nano-electronic chip that for the very first time in the world can detect and distinguish circulating tumor cells in the bloodstream without any need for a biological indicator.  [4]

RIPI develops Iran's 1st smart sensor controller

Iran's Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI) has developed the country's first smart dynamic device for assessing and optimizing selectivity of certain gases in the presence of other gases.The system is aimed at detecting pollutants in Iran's oil and gas rich regions which have grown very vulnerable to pollutions created during recovery of hydrocarbons from natural resources.  [5]

Sic nanoparticles applied to modify properties of Portland cement

Iranian scientists from University of Mazandaran used silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles to produce a sample of cement and concrete with high durability and stability.
Results of the research have applications in civil engineering, especially concrete industry.
Results of the research have been published in National Academy Science Letters, vol. 38, issue 4, 2015, pp. 361-364.[6]

Iran breaks US monopoly in deep-well cement plug production

Iran's Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI) has broken a US monopoly in production of deep-well cement plugs. The technology is of great significance in oil and gas drilling projects.Previously, only American companies manufactured the plugs used for solving numerous deep-well problems like lost-circulation, sidetracking or directional drilling.[7]

Photochromic Nanostructures; Tools to Detect, Tract Living Cells

Scientists from IranPolymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI) succeeded to produced nanostructures with the ability to change color under Ultraviolet light with application in various fields, including medicine, production of optical lenses, cell tracing, data storage and security systems. Results of the research have been published in Langmuir, vol. 31, issue 39, 2015, pp. 10672-10682.  [8]

Iran Unveils First Home-Made Amphibious Aircraft

In a ceremony Iran unveiled the first 6-seat amphibious plane manufactured by the country's experts and engineers. Having built this marine plane, the Islamic Republic of Iran attained the technology to design and build them after the US, Russia and Germany and similar products manufactured in other countries like China.  [9]

 

 

Antibacterial Nanocomposites Designed in Iran for Foodstuff Packaging

Researchers of Iran produced antibacterial nanocomposite samples that have applications in foodstuff packaging and they increase durability of the foodstuff without using preservatives. The use of the nanoparticles with antibacterial and antifungal properties in milk packaging resulted in the preservation of milk up to 32 days without using any preservatives. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 52, issue 9, 2015, pp. 5982-5988.[10]

Nanostructures Boost Efficiency of LEDs

Scientists of Iran increased the quality of blue light LEDs by using nanostructures. The most important achievement of this research has been to increase the efficiency of blue light LED containing cadmium sulfide nanostructures, the outcomes of which can be applied in optical electronics and military industries. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 42, issue 1, Part B, 2016, pp. 1891-1896. [11]

Nanostructured Coatings Produced in Iran to Protect Aircraft Bodies

Iranian researchers produced special nanostructured coatings that can be used in aircraft bodies to protect them against heat. The advantage of these coatings over normal coatings is their ultra light weight. The research has been carried out at the laboratorial scale and the outcomes have applications in aerospace systems and sustainable energies. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, vol. 12, issue 6, 2015, pp. 1065-1071. [12]

Nano-scaffolds made for converting stem cells into cells

Scientists of Iran produced laboratorial samples of scaffolds made of nanofibers which have been designed to produce effective cells from stem cells to cure diseases, including diabetes and liver diseases.  Results of the research have been published in Journal of Biomedical Research, vol. 102, issue 11, 2014, pp. 4027-4036.  [13]

 

 

Nanostructured Changes in Solar Cells to Increase Their Efficiency

Iranian and Singaporean researchers applied an industrial, cost effective and simple method to boost the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells to convert solar energy into electrical one by creating nanometric changes in cell structures. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, vol. 45, issue 8, 2015, pp. 831-838. [14]

Chemists use biocompatible method to synthesize titania

Iranian and Iraqi researchers studied the possibility of the application of herbal extracts to synthesize titanium dioxide nanoparticles.  Outcomes of the research prove that the herbal extract enables production of nanoparticles at a higher rate and efficiency but less environmental pollution.Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 41, issue 10, Part B, 2015, pp. 14435-14439.[15]

Iran joins other countries in establishing 'brain bank'

Iran has joined the US, Germany and other European countries in establishing a ‘brain bank’ to study the causes of neurological diseases such as MS and the Alzheimer's.  The country’s first brain bank has been established at Iran University of Medical sciences in collaboration with the Research Center of Ministry of Health with the objective to study neurological diseases. [16]

Invention of circular magnet to clear streets of metal debris

Mohsen Ghorbani, Iranian inventor has designed and built a circular magnet to clear large and small areas of metal debris.The circular magnet provides an effective and efficient means for clearing large and small areas of dangerous metal debris, returning them to the production circle.The device can be used in factories, turning firms, recycling and waste disposal sites and assembly workshops.[17]

Iran, Malaysia produce antibacterial coatings for isolated areas

Researchers from Iranand Malaysiadesigned a nanostructure based on carbon nanotubes with antibacterial properties to be used in public places, specially hospitals and clinics. This material can also be used in blood purification filters. The carbon materials solve the problem of blood poisoning caused by hemodialysis. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, vol. 103, 2015, pp. 2959-2965. [18]

Nanodrug helps treat breast cancer

Scientists of Iran in Islamic Azad University have developed a bioadaptive polymers modified with iron nanoparticles which would help treat breast cancer with the least damage to unaffected tissues.  The research has synthetized a highly applied nanoparticle which is cheap, environment-friendly, and bioadaptive, in composition of an anti-cancer drug delivery system.  [19]

Nanoparticles Make Fertility Possible during Consumption of Anticancer Drugs

Iranian researchers studied the effect of a type of nanoparticle on protection of reproduction and fertility system in cancer-suffering animal samples. The study proved the effectiveness of nanoparticles in decreasing the side effects of anticancer drugs on the sexual hormones of female rats. Results of the research have been published in Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 7, issue 1, 2015, pp. 187-191. [20]

Production of High Efficient Photocatalyst in Purification of Industrial Wastewater

Scientists of Iran from Semnan University designed a photocatalyst with high efficiency and rate to eliminate organic pollutants at laboratorial scale to obtain an optimum water and wastewater purification system.  The nanocatalyst has a long life, and it can be used in successive cycles. The use of sustainable energy in the purification system is another advantage of the research. Results of the research have been published in Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 183, 2016, pp. 407-416.[21]

Making biological wound dressing from crustaceans shell

Dr. Soheila Salahshour-Kordestani, a faculty member of Medical Engineering School of Amir-Kabir Poly Technique University of Iran has designed a new biological wound dressing, using crustaceans' shell, which stops bleeding and does not contain any chemicals. The wound dressing which has been developed after 25 years study also dramatically increases speed of wound improvement. The product can be used for decubitus ulcers, diabetic ulcers and vascular ulcers as well as people with genetic diseases.[22]

Properties of Polymeric Nanofibers Optimized to Treat Damaged Body Tissues

Iranian researchers from University of Zanjan produced polymeric nanofibers with optimized diameter and mechanical properties to treat damaged body tissues. Test results showed that average diameter of fibers increases but the strength decreases as the solution concentration increases. In addition, increasing the voltage decreases the average diameter of fibers but increases their strength. Results of the research have been published in Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 45, issue 3, 2015, pp. 10-22. [23]

Replacement of Toxic Antibacterial by Biocompatible Polymeric Nanocomposites

Iranian Scientists produced nanoparticles with antibacterial properties, which have desirable performance in the presence of various types of bacteria. These types of materials can be used in textile, plastic, paint and coating industries, and also in the production of medical equipment as antibacterial agents. The nanoparticles were produced through a simple, cost-effective and biocompatible method. Results of the research have been published in Polymer-Plastic Technology and Engineering, vol. 54, 2015, pp. 1547-1552. [24]

 Improvement of Anticorrosive Properties of Coatings Used in Oil Transfer Pipelines

Researchers from Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI) used a type of nanoparticle to improve the anticorrosive properties of coatings used in oil and gas transfer pipelines. Outcomes showed that the coatings’ durability doubles in case nanoparticles are used. Results of the research have been published in Polymer Bulletin, vol. 72, issue 9, 2015, pp. 2297-2310.  [25]

 

 


07:07 - 18/02/2016    /    Number : 380656    /    Show Count : 157



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